Study Spanish in the Sacred Valley. This ancient region is filled with small colonial towns, Incan ruins and beautiful landscapes. Here, there are incredible archaeological sites to be explored such as Pisac, Ollantaytambo and Chinchero and exciting adrenalin sports to be indulged in including rafting and rock climbing.
The valley was formed by the Urubamba River (also known as the Wikklanuta River, literally meaning 'house of the sun' in Aymara, and the Willkamayu in Quechua, meaning 'sacred river'). The Incas chose the region as one of their most important settlements because of its fertile soil and warm climate, enabling them to grow maize on a huge scale. In fact, for this very reason, the region remains an important agricultural zone today.
Of course, one of the area’s most famous sites is Machu Picchu, the fifteenth-century Incan town, which is located right above the river. From the Sacred Valley, the easiest way to reach Machu Picchu is via train from Ollantaytambo to the small town of Aguas Calientes at the foot of the mountain.